Умберто Эко

Manifest in Defense of Galactica Gutenberg or The Top 100 Books List


One of the brightest minds in literature, Umberto Eco, has long been an advocate of the printed word and the importance of books in preserving culture and knowledge. In his article "Manifesto for a New Humanism," Eco outlined the importance of books as a means of preserving our cultural heritage, and his list of the top 100 books ever written is a testament to this idea.

The Origin of the List

Eco's list first came to light in 1994, in an issue of the Italian literary magazine L'Espresso, and it has since become widely known as a definitive guide to the best books in the world.

The List Itself

At the top of the list is "The Odyssey" by Homer, followed by "The Divine Comedy" by Dante, "War and Peace" by Leo Tolstoy, and "Ulysses" by James Joyce. The list also includes works by Shakespeare, Cervantes, Austen, Tolstoy, and many other literary giants.

Eco's Defense of the Printed Word

Eco's list was not simply a celebration of great literature, but also a defense of the printed word against modern forms of communication. Eco argued that the digitization of language and literature was creating a fragmented and superficial culture, one that was losing touch with the deeper meanings and values of the past.


In a world where the e-book and the tablet reign supreme, Umberto Eco's defense of the printed word and his list of the top 100 books ever written remind us of the importance of literature in preserving our cultural heritage and passing on the wisdom of the ages.